No end in sight to African conflict
From ADANE BIKILA in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
ADDIS ABABA, (CAJ News) – THE deadly violence currently characterizing South Sudan, the world’s newest country is a only a tip of the iceberg as conflict rages on in the African continent.
The major outbreak of violence in the South Sudanese capital of Juba has caused hundred of deaths and displaced 30 000 people.
It continues despite a joint call by President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar to stop the clashes.
A closer look at some problems elsewhere suggests a continent torn apart by conflict, the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) has said.
In Burundi, the thinktank noted, despite dialogue initiated by the African Union Peace and Security Council (AU PSC), the context remains volatile with assassinations of military personnel and grenade attacks against the civilian population.
Hundreds have been killed after President Pierre Nkurunziza clung on to power beyond hid constitutional term.
In Democratic Republic of Congo, President Joseph Kabila, has been accused of plans to cling to power, much to the implosion of the country where scores have been killed and opposition officials under siege from state security. Elections are due November but uncertain.
The political context in Guinea-Bissau remains volatile due to tensions in the ruling African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde between the president and certain factions regarding the extent of presidential powers.
In Mozambique, ISS noted, the conflict between the ruling Frelimo and the opposition Renamo has grown in intensity since the beginning of the year.
Since mid-2015 clashes have displaced 12 000 civilians.
Neighbouring Zimbabwe has had its share of problems lately following violent protests against the government of President Robert Mugabe.
Yann Bedzigui, Researcher, Conflict Prevention and Risk Analysis division, ISS Addis Ababa, pointed out insurgency terrorized Kenya and Nigeria.
– CAJ News
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